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这些错误的学习习惯!你中招了么?

/ 2016-9-2

Reading your text book is a great first step when it comes tostudying, but you can’t just readyour text book or passage. That is passive studying. To study effectively, youhave to get active with the material in your book. The more we “work” with information, by reading, writing,drawing, and quizzing, the more we remember it.

学习的第一步主要是阅读课本,很多人都被动的只读课本或文章。但是要想有效地学习,必须要理解书中的内容,我们要想记住更多的内容,必须更多地“运用”这些信息——通过阅读、写作、画图、测验。

 

Students can settle in to a false sense of security if they take the timeto study but don’t retain much of the information. This happens because they don’tstudy in the most effective way.

 对于他们自己,如果把时间都花在了学习上但却没有学到多少知识,那么他们将会处于一种不真实的安全感中。如果他们没有使用最最有效的学习方式的时候,这种情况会经常发生。

 

When you study any social science, you must recognize subtopics and make charts to:

Compare,Contrast,Contextualize.By comparing andcontrasting government types, for example, you will be prepared to recognizeincorrect choices in a multiple choice exam.

当你正在学习其他社会科学的时候,你必须能准确的制作图表来进一步掌握信息,识别出子标题(联系上下文,如比较、对比)比如:通过对比政府类型和比较,你可以在多选题测试中识别出错误的选项。

 

Memories are reinforced through repetition. Do not fool yourself intobelieving that you can really learn material in a single session of cramming.Some of the information will absorb, but some will evaporate, which means it’s an OK strategy if you’re goingto be happy with a C grade .

记忆可以通过重复加强。千万不要去自欺欺人的以为可以通过单一的填鸭式方法学习知识。接受一些信息可以通过重复的学习方式,但还是有一些不会完全掌握,如果是得到一个C级的分数你乐意的话,这个策略便是可行的。

 

The more you revisit information, the more you absorb and retain. Study aweek or so before a test and then follow up with your cramming sessions. That’s a formula for an A.

A的方法是:在你大约一个星期左右要测试的时候,你学习和复习的次数越多,并且使用填鸭的方式,你接受和保留的就多了。

 

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